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Amazon Elastic File System

Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS) provides simple, scalable file storage for use with Amazon EC2 instances in the AWS Cloud. With Amazon EFS, storage capacity is elastic, growing and shrinking automatically as you add and remove files, so your applications have the storage they need, when they need it. For more information, see the User Guide.

Elastic Load Balancing

A load balancer distributes incoming traffic across targets, such as your EC2 instances. This enables you to increase the availability of your application. The load balancer also monitors the health of its registered targets and ensures that it routes traffic only to healthy targets. You configure your load balancer to accept incoming traffic by specifying one or more listeners, which are configured with a protocol and port number for connections from clients to the load balancer. You configure a target group with a protocol and port number for connections from the load balancer to the targets, and with health check settings to be used when checking the health status of the targets.

Elastic Load Balancing supports the following types of load balancers: Application Load Balancers, Network Load Balancers, and Classic Load Balancers.

An Application Load Balancer makes routing and load balancing decisions at the application layer (HTTP/HTTPS). A Network Load Balancer makes routing and load balancing decisions at the transport layer (TCP). Both Application Load Balancers and Network Load Balancers can route requests to one or more ports on each EC2 instance or container instance in your virtual private cloud (VPC).

A Classic Load Balancer makes routing and load balancing decisions either at the transport layer (TCP/SSL) or the application layer (HTTP/HTTPS), and supports either EC2-Classic or a VPC. For more information, see the Elastic Load Balancing User Guide.

This reference covers the 2015-12-01 API, which supports Application Load Balancers and Network Load Balancers. The 2012-06-01 API supports Classic Load Balancers.

To get started, complete the following tasks:

  1. Create a load balancer using CreateLoadBalancer.

  2. Create a target group using CreateTargetGroup.

  3. Register targets for the target group using RegisterTargets.

  4. Create one or more listeners for your load balancer using CreateListener.

To delete a load balancer and its related resources, complete the following tasks:

  1. Delete the load balancer using DeleteLoadBalancer.

  2. Delete the target group using DeleteTargetGroup.

All Elastic Load Balancing operations are idempotent, which means that they complete at most one time. If you repeat an operation, it succeeds.

Amazon EMR is a web service that makes it easy to process large amounts of data efficiently. Amazon EMR uses Hadoop processing combined with several AWS products to do tasks such as web indexing, data mining, log file analysis, machine learning, scientific simulation, and data warehousing.

AWS Elastic Transcoder Service

The AWS Elastic Transcoder Service.

Amazon Simple Email Service

This is the API Reference for Amazon Simple Email Service (Amazon SES). This documentation is intended to be used in conjunction with the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

For a list of Amazon SES endpoints to use in service requests, see Regions and Amazon SES in the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

AWS Marketplace Entitlement Service

This reference provides descriptions of the AWS Marketplace Entitlement Service API.

AWS Marketplace Entitlement Service is used to determine the entitlement of a customer to a given product. An entitlement represents capacity in a product owned by the customer. For example, a customer might own some number of users or seats in an SaaS application or some amount of data capacity in a multi-tenant database.

Getting Entitlement Records

  • GetEntitlements- Gets the entitlements for a Marketplace product.

Amazon Elasticsearch Configuration Service

Use the Amazon Elasticsearch configuration API to create, configure, and manage Elasticsearch domains.

The endpoint for configuration service requests is region-specific: es.region.amazonaws.com. For example, es.us-east-1.amazonaws.com. For a current list of supported regions and endpoints, see Regions and Endpoints.

Amazon CloudWatch Events helps you to respond to state changes in your AWS resources. When your resources change state, they automatically send events into an event stream. You can create rules that match selected events in the stream and route them to targets to take action. You can also use rules to take action on a pre-determined schedule. For example, you can configure rules to:

  • Automatically invoke an AWS Lambda function to update DNS entries when an event notifies you that Amazon EC2 instance enters the running state.

  • Direct specific API records from CloudTrail to an Amazon Kinesis stream for detailed analysis of potential security or availability risks.

  • Periodically invoke a built-in target to create a snapshot of an Amazon EBS volume.

For more information about the features of Amazon CloudWatch Events, see the Amazon CloudWatch Events User Guide.

Amazon Kinesis Firehose API Reference

Amazon Kinesis Firehose is a fully managed service that delivers real-time streaming data to destinations such as Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3), Amazon Elasticsearch Service (Amazon ES), and Amazon Redshift.

Amazon GameLift Service

Amazon GameLift is a managed service for developers who need a scalable, dedicated server solution for their multiplayer games. Amazon GameLift provides tools for the following tasks: (1) acquire computing resources and deploy game servers, (2) scale game server capacity to meet player demand, (3) host game sessions and manage player access, and (4) track in-depth metrics on player usage and server performance.

The Amazon GameLift service API includes two important function sets:

  • Manage game sessions and player access -- Retrieve information on available game sessions; create new game sessions; send player requests to join a game session.

  • Configure and manage game server resources -- Manage builds, fleets, queues, and aliases; set autoscaling policies; retrieve logs and metrics.

This reference guide describes the low-level service API for Amazon GameLift. You can use the API functionality with these tools:

  • The Amazon Web Services software development kit (AWS SDK) is available in multiple languages including C++ and C#. Use the SDK to access the API programmatically from an application, such as a game client.

  • The AWS command-line interface (CLI) tool is primarily useful for handling administrative actions, such as setting up and managing Amazon GameLift settings and resources. You can use the AWS CLI to manage all of your AWS services.

  • The AWS Management Console for Amazon GameLift provides a web interface to manage your Amazon GameLift settings and resources. The console includes a dashboard for tracking key resources, including builds and fleets, and displays usage and performance metrics for your games as customizable graphs.

  • Amazon GameLift Local is a tool for testing your game's integration with Amazon GameLift before deploying it on the service. This tools supports a subset of key API actions, which can be called from either the AWS CLI or programmatically. See Testing an Integration.

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API SUMMARY

This list offers a functional overview of the Amazon GameLift service API.

Managing Games and Players

Use these actions to start new game sessions, find existing game sessions, track game session status and other information, and enable player access to game sessions.

  • Discover existing game sessions

    • SearchGameSessions -- Retrieve all available game sessions or search for game sessions that match a set of criteria.

  • Start new game sessions

    • Start new games with Queues to find the best available hosting resources across multiple regions, minimize player latency, and balance game session activity for efficiency and cost effectiveness.

    • CreateGameSession -- Start a new game session on a specific fleet. Available in Amazon GameLift Local.

  • Start new game sessions with FlexMatch matchmaking

    • StartMatchmaking -- Request matchmaking for one players or a group who want to play together.

    • DescribeMatchmaking -- Get details on a matchmaking request, including status.

    • AcceptMatch -- Register that a player accepts a proposed match, for matches that require player acceptance.

    • StopMatchmaking -- Cancel a matchmaking request.

  • Manage game session data

    • DescribeGameSessions -- Retrieve metadata for one or more game sessions, including length of time active and current player count. Available in Amazon GameLift Local.

    • DescribeGameSessionDetails -- Retrieve metadata and the game session protection setting for one or more game sessions.

    • UpdateGameSession -- Change game session settings, such as maximum player count and join policy.

    • GetGameSessionLogUrl -- Get the location of saved logs for a game session.

  • Manage player sessions

    • CreatePlayerSession -- Send a request for a player to join a game session. Available in Amazon GameLift Local.

    • CreatePlayerSessions -- Send a request for multiple players to join a game session. Available in Amazon GameLift Local.

    • DescribePlayerSessions -- Get details on player activity, including status, playing time, and player data. Available in Amazon GameLift Local.

Setting Up and Managing Game Servers

When setting up Amazon GameLift resources for your game, you first create a game build and upload it to Amazon GameLift. You can then use these actions to configure and manage a fleet of resources to run your game servers, scale capacity to meet player demand, access performance and utilization metrics, and more.

Amazon Glacier is a storage solution for "cold data."

Amazon Glacier is an extremely low-cost storage service that provides secure, durable, and easy-to-use storage for data backup and archival. With Amazon Glacier, customers can store their data cost effectively for months, years, or decades. Amazon Glacier also enables customers to offload the administrative burdens of operating and scaling storage to AWS, so they don't have to worry about capacity planning, hardware provisioning, data replication, hardware failure and recovery, or time-consuming hardware migrations.

Amazon Glacier is a great storage choice when low storage cost is paramount, your data is rarely retrieved, and retrieval latency of several hours is acceptable. If your application requires fast or frequent access to your data, consider using Amazon S3. For more information, see Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3).

You can store any kind of data in any format. There is no maximum limit on the total amount of data you can store in Amazon Glacier.

If you are a first-time user of Amazon Glacier, we recommend that you begin by reading the following sections in the Amazon Glacier Developer Guide:

  • What is Amazon Glacier - This section of the Developer Guide describes the underlying data model, the operations it supports, and the AWS SDKs that you can use to interact with the service.

  • Getting Started with Amazon Glacier - The Getting Started section walks you through the process of creating a vault, uploading archives, creating jobs to download archives, retrieving the job output, and deleting archives.

AWS Glue

Defines the public endpoint for the AWS Glue service.

AWS Greengrass seamlessly extends AWS onto physical devices so they can act locally on the data they generate, while still using the cloud for management, analytics, and durable storage. AWS Greengrass ensures your devices can respond quickly to local events and operate with intermittent connectivity. AWS Greengrass minimizes the cost of transmitting data to the cloud by allowing you to author AWS Lambda functions that execute locally.

AWS Health

The AWS Health API provides programmatic access to the AWS Health information that is presented in the AWS Personal Health Dashboard. You can get information about events that affect your AWS resources:

In addition, these operations provide information about event types and summary counts of events or affected entities:

The Health API requires a Business or Enterprise support plan from AWS Support. Calling the Health API from an account that does not have a Business or Enterprise support plan causes a SubscriptionRequiredException.

For authentication of requests, AWS Health uses the Signature Version 4 Signing Process.

See the AWS Health User Guide for information about how to use the API.

Service Endpoint

The HTTP endpoint for the AWS Health API is:

  • https://health.us-east-1.amazonaws.com

AWS Identity and Access Management

AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) is a web service that you can use to manage users and user permissions under your AWS account. This guide provides descriptions of IAM actions that you can call programmatically. For general information about IAM, see AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM). For the user guide for IAM, see Using IAM.

AWS provides SDKs that consist of libraries and sample code for various programming languages and platforms (Java, Ruby, .NET, iOS, Android, etc.). The SDKs provide a convenient way to create programmatic access to IAM and AWS. For example, the SDKs take care of tasks such as cryptographically signing requests (see below), managing errors, and retrying requests automatically. For information about the AWS SDKs, including how to download and install them, see the Tools for Amazon Web Services page.

We recommend that you use the AWS SDKs to make programmatic API calls to IAM. However, you can also use the IAM Query API to make direct calls to the IAM web service. To learn more about the IAM Query API, see Making Query Requests in the Using IAM guide. IAM supports GET and POST requests for all actions. That is, the API does not require you to use GET for some actions and POST for others. However, GET requests are subject to the limitation size of a URL. Therefore, for operations that require larger sizes, use a POST request.

Signing Requests

Requests must be signed using an access key ID and a secret access key. We strongly recommend that you do not use your AWS account access key ID and secret access key for everyday work with IAM. You can use the access key ID and secret access key for an IAM user or you can use the AWS Security Token Service to generate temporary security credentials and use those to sign requests.

To sign requests, we recommend that you use Signature Version 4. If you have an existing application that uses Signature Version 2, you do not have to update it to use Signature Version 4. However, some operations now require Signature Version 4. The documentation for operations that require version 4 indicate this requirement.

Additional Resources

For more information, see the following:

  • AWS Security Credentials. This topic provides general information about the types of credentials used for accessing AWS.

  • IAM Best Practices. This topic presents a list of suggestions for using the IAM service to help secure your AWS resources.

  • Signing AWS API Requests. This set of topics walk you through the process of signing a request using an access key ID and secret access key.

AWS Import/Export Service AWS Import/Export accelerates transferring large amounts of data between the AWS cloud and portable storage devices that you mail to us. AWS Import/Export transfers data directly onto and off of your storage devices using Amazon's high-speed internal network and bypassing the Internet. For large data sets, AWS Import/Export is often faster than Internet transfer and more cost effective than upgrading your connectivity.

Amazon Inspector

Amazon Inspector enables you to analyze the behavior of your AWS resources and to identify potential security issues. For more information, see Amazon Inspector User Guide.

AWS IoT

AWS IoT provides secure, bi-directional communication between Internet-connected things (such as sensors, actuators, embedded devices, or smart appliances) and the AWS cloud. You can discover your custom IoT-Data endpoint to communicate with, configure rules for data processing and integration with other services, organize resources associated with each thing (Thing Registry), configure logging, and create and manage policies and credentials to authenticate things.

For more information about how AWS IoT works, see the Developer Guide.

Amazon Kinesis Streams Service API Reference

Amazon Kinesis Streams is a managed service that scales elastically for real time processing of streaming big data.

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